This was a very dark time period for the inhabitants of the Bogside. As nationalist Irish Catholics, they were only allowed to live in small, overcrowded areas, and were denied jobs and political power. The tensions built up from this poor treatment resulted in riots as well as peaceful marches. On the 30th of January, 1972, British army members fired on protesters and killed 13 unarmed men. The army proceeded to say they had done nothing wrong, blaming the victims, and the whole event became a symbol of the injustice of the British and Irish conflict. More on that later though. First, a little more on the background, as seen through some of the murals.